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Dentistry Research Guide: Dental Citation Examples

Provides resources for those interested in Dentistry.

Citation Examples

At a Glance Dental Citations (please refer to the full APA handout for full example list)

One Author

Ahmad, I. (2019). Essentials of dental photography. John Wiley & Sons.

         In-text parenthetical citation: (Ahmad, 2019, p. 32).

            In-text narrative citation: Ahmad, (2019)

A Book by Two to Twenty Authors

Carrasco-Labra, A., Brignardello-Peteren, R., Glick, M., Azarpazhooh, A., & Guyatt, G. (2020). How to use evidence-based dental practices to improve clinical decision making. American Dental Association.

In-text parenthetical citation: (Carrasco-Labra et al., 2020).

                In-text narrative citation: Carrasco-Labra et al. (2020)

Anthology or Works with Chapter Authors

Zope, S. A., & Varma, S. (2020). Effect of oil pulling on oral health. In Chauhan, D. N., Singh, P.R., Shah, K., & Chauhan, N. S. (Eds.), Natural oral care in dental therapy. (pp. 141-152). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

In-text parenthetical citation [specific page]: (Zope & Varma, 2020, p. 146).

In-text narrative citation: Zope & Varma (2020)


DePaola, L.G., & Grant, L. E. (Eds.). (2020). Infection control in the dental office: A global perspective. Springer.

            In-text parenthetical citation: (DePaola & Grant, 2020).

            In-text narrative citation: DePaola & Grant (2020)

Website (Corporate Author)

Cleveland Clinic. (2023, February 9). Fluoride.

In-text parenthetical citation: (Cleveland Clinic, 2023) 

In-text narrative citation: Cleveland Clinic (2023)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, January 15). Community water fluoridation.

First Time In-text parenthetical citation: (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2020). Subsequent citations: (CDC, 2020).

In-text narrative citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020)

Library Resources Online – Journal Articles 

With DOI

Marchesan, J. T., Byrd, K. M., Moss, K., Preisser, J. S., Morelli, T., Zandona, A. F., Jiao, Y., & Beck, J. (2020). Flossing is associated with improved oral health in older adults. Journal of Dental Research, 99(9), 1047-1053.

In-text parenthetical citation: (Marchesan et al., 2020, p. 1050).

In-text narrative citation: Marchesan et al. (2020)


Abbott, A. J., Reibel, Y. G., Arnett, M. C., Marka, N., & Drake, M. A. (2023, August). Oral and systemic health implications of electronic cigarette usage as compared to conventional tobacco cigarettes : A review of the literature. The Journal of Dental Hygiene, 97(4).

In-text parenthetical citation: (Abbott et al., 2023).

In-text narrative citation: Abbott et al. (2023)

Healthy People 2030

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (n.d.). Oral conditions. Healthy People 2030. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

First in-text parenthetical citation:

(Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion [ODPHP], n.d.).
Subsequent in-text parenthetical citation:  (ODPHP, n.d.).

First in-text narrative citation:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (ODPHP, n.d.)
Subsequent in-text narrative citation:  ODPHP (n.d.).


Rathee, M., & Jain, P.. [Updated 2023 Mar 27]. Gingivitis. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing.

In-text parenthetical citation: (Rathee & Jain, 2023).

In-text narrative citation: Rathee & Jain (2023)

Note: StatPearls can be accessed from multiple sources. This example is from the National Center for Biotechnology Information Bookshelf. If you are using another site your citation may need to be formatted differently.

U.S. Census Information

U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). U.S. and world population clock. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved July 3, 2019, from

In-text parenthetical citation: (U.S. Census Bureau, n.d.)

In-text narrative citation: U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.)

Google Maps

Google. (n.d.). [Google Maps directions for driving from Ybor City, Florida, to Clearwater, Florida]. Retrieved June 28, 2023, from

In-text parenthetical citation: (Google, n.d.).

In-text narrative citation: Google (n.d.)

Note: Shorter links to Google Maps directions can be created by clicking on the Menu icon and selecting Share or embed map.

Personal Communication (Does not need to appear on the work, cited only next to the citation)

In-text parenthetical citation: (J. Smith, personal communication, November 23, 2020).

In-text narrative citation: J. Smith (personal communication, November 23, 2020)

Data Set with Changing Variables

(In your reference citation you will include only the general URL.)

DemographicsNow. (2020). Business comparison report: 5 miles PHSC West Campus, 5 miles PHSC Porter Campus [Data set]. Retrieved October 29, 2020 from

Because the search does not generate a stable URL, in your in-text citation you will have to describe the following so that the reader can recreate the search if necessary:

• where they searched (PsycINFO, Web of Science, DemographicsNow),
• the criteria for the search,
• how they used the search, and
• what they did with the results.

In-text parenthetical citation: (DemographicsNow, 2020).

In-text narrative citation: DemographicsNow (2020)